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Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that has gained attention for its potential therapeutic benefits. It does not give a “head high” feeling associated with psychoactive cannabinoids like THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
This content is for educational purposes only. Speak to a healthcare provider before using CBD. The Centers for Disease Control recommends against its use during pregnancy and warns of potential risks.
Read on to learn more about what is CBD and how it compares to other cannabis compounds.
What is CBD vs THC
What is the difference between CBD and THC? Below is a comparison between what is CBD (cannabidiol) and what is THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
- Both CBD and THC are cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.
- Both compounds interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which plays a role in regulating a range of bodily functions, including pain perception, appetite, mood, and immune function.
- Both compounds have potential therapeutic benefits and have been studied for their effects on a range of conditions, such as chronic pain, anxiety, and epilepsy.
- Both compounds can be found in various cannabis products, such as oils, tinctures, edibles, and topicals.
- THC is a psychoactive compound and produces a “high” or altered state of consciousness, while CBD does not have psychoactive effects.
- THC binds directly to the CB1 receptors in the brain, while CBD has a more indirect effect on the endocannabinoid system and may interact with a range of receptors.
- THC can cause negative side effects, such as anxiety, paranoia, and impaired cognitive function, while CBD is generally considered safe and well-tolerated.
- THC is federally illegal in the United States, while hemp-derived CBD with less than 0.3% THC is legal at the federal level.
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More differences between the CBD and THC cannabinoids
- Legal status: THC is still considered a controlled substance in many countries, while CBD is legal in some form in many countries, including the United States.
- Intoxication: THC can produce intoxicating effects, while CBD does not.
- Medical use: THC is used for its potential pain relief, anti-inflammatory, and antiemetic effects, while CBD is used for its potential anxiolytic, antipsychotic, and neuroprotective effects.
- Drug testing: THC can show up on drug tests, while CBD typically does not.
- Dosage: The optimal dosage for THC and CBD can vary widely depending on the individual, their condition, and the mode of delivery.
- It’s important to note that CBD and THC are just two of the many compounds found in cannabis, and that other cannabinoids and terpenes may also play a role in the plant’s therapeutic effects. The optimal combination of compounds for a specific condition or symptom is still an area of ongoing research.
What is CBD vs CBN
CBN stands for cannabinol, which is one of the many cannabinoids found in cannabis. It is formed when THC, the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis, oxidizes over time. CBN is not psychoactive like THC, but it does have some potential health benefits.
CBD, or cannabidiol, is another cannabinoid found in cannabis. Unlike CBN, CBD does not result from the oxidation of THC. Instead, it is produced naturally in the cannabis plant. CBD has gained popularity in recent years for its potential health benefits, which include reducing anxiety, improving sleep, and alleviating pain and inflammation.
The main difference between CBD and CBN is their effects and potential health benefits. While both compounds have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties, CBN is primarily known for its sedative effects, while CBD is known for its non-intoxicating, calming effects. CBN may also have antibacterial properties and be useful in treating conditions such as glaucoma and chronic pain.
It’s important to note that research into the potential health benefits of both CBD and CBN is still ongoing, and more studies are needed to fully understand their effects. Additionally, the legality of cannabis and its derivatives varies by jurisdiction, so it’s important to understand the laws in your area before using cannabis products.